This series builds on the previous articles: Typeset your docs with LaTex and TeXstudio on Fedora and LaTeX 101 for beginners. This first part of the series is about LaTeX lists.

## Types of lists

LaTeX lists are enclosed environments, and each item in the list can take a line of text to a full paragraph. There are three types of lists available in LaTeX. They are:

• Itemized: unordered or bullet
• Enumerated: ordered
• Description: descriptive

## Creating lists

To create a list, prefix each list item with the \item command. Precede and follow the list of items with the \begin{<type>} and \end{<type>} commands respectively where <type> is substituted with the type of the list as illustrated in the following examples.

### Itemized list

\begin{itemize}
\item Fedora
\item Fedora Spin
\item Fedora Silverblue
\end{itemize}


### Enumerated list

\begin{enumerate}
\item Fedora CoreOS
\item Fedora Silverblue
\item Fedora Spin
\end{enumerate}


### Descriptive list

\begin{description}
\item[Fedora 6] Code name Zod
\item[Fedora 8] Code name Werewolf
\end{description}


## Spacing list items

The default spacing can be customized by adding \usepackage{enumitem} to the preamble. The enumitem package enables the noitemsep option and the \itemsep command which you can use on your lists as illustrated below.

### Using the noitemsep option

Enclose the noitemsep option in square brackets and place it on the \begin command as shown below. This option removes the default spacing.

\begin{itemize}[noitemsep]
\item Fedora
\item Fedora Spin
\item Fedora Silverblue
\end{itemize}


### Using the \itemsep command

The \itemsep command must be suffixed with a number to indicate how much space there should be between the list items.

\begin{itemize} \itemsep0.75pt
\item Fedora Silverblue
\item Fedora CoreOS
\end{itemize}


## Nesting lists

LaTeX supports nested lists up to four levels deep as illustrated below.

### Nested itemized lists

\begin{itemize}[noitemsep]
\item Fedora Versions
\begin{itemize}
\item Fedora 8
\item Fedora 9
\begin{itemize}
\item Werewolf
\item Sulphur
\begin{itemize}
\item 2007-05-31
\item 2008-05-13
\end{itemize}
\end{itemize}
\end{itemize}
\item Fedora Spin
\item Fedora Silverblue
\end{itemize}


### Nested enumerated lists

\begin{enumerate}[noitemsep]
\item Fedora Versions
\begin{enumerate}
\item Fedora 8
\item Fedora 9
\begin{enumerate}
\item Werewolf
\item Sulphur
\begin{enumerate}
\item 2007-05-31
\item 2008-05-13
\end{enumerate}
\end{enumerate}
\end{enumerate}
\item Fedora Spin
\item Fedora Silverblue
\end{enumerate}


## Setting list styles

The below example illustrates each of the different itemiszed list styles.

% Itemize style
\begin{itemize}
\item[$\ast$] Asterisk
\item[$\diamond$] Diamond
\item[$\circ$] Circle
\item[$\cdot$] Period
\item[$\bullet$] Bullet (default)
\item[--] Dash
\item[$-$] Another dash
\end{itemize}


There are three methods of setting list styles. They are illustrated below. These methods are listed by priority; highest priority first. A higher priority will override a lower priority if more than one is defined for a list item.

### List styling method 1 – per item

Enclose the name of the desired style in square brackets and place it on the \item command as demonstrated below.

% First method
\begin{itemize}
\item[$\ast$] Asterisk
\item[$\diamond$] Diamond
\item[$\circ$] Circle
\item[$\cdot$] period
\item[$\bullet$] Bullet (default)
\item[--] Dash
\item[$-$] Another dash
\end{itemize}


### List styling method 2 – on the list

Prefix the name of the desired style with label=. Place the parameter, including the label= prefix, in square brackets on the \begin command as demonstrated below.

% Second method
\begin{enumerate}[label=\Alph*.]
\item Fedora 32
\item Fedora 31
\item Fedora 30
\end{enumerate}


### List styling method 3 – on the document

This method changes the default style for the entire document. Use the \renewcommand to set the values for the labelitems. There is a different labelitem for each of the four label depths as demonstrated below.

% Third method
\renewcommand{\labelitemi}{$\ast$}
\renewcommand{\labelitemii}{$\diamond$}
\renewcommand{\labelitemiii}{$\bullet$}
\renewcommand{\labelitemiv}{$-$}


## Summary

LaTeX supports three types of lists. The style and spacing of each of the list types can be customized. More LaTeX elements will be explained in future posts.

2. #### Jorge Dominguez

Thanks for the tips, I’m starting out with LaTeX, so this was indeed helpful

• #### Earl Ramirez

LaTeX is great, I first starting using LaTeX after I saw the article “Typeset your docs with LaTex and TeXstudio on Fedora.”

3. #### Julio Gonzalez

Love it!
I use vim+latex and I find it very fun, cause you merged the vim power with LaTeX style.

4. #### James Aker

Great Scott! It’s back to future. I remember doing college assignments using LaTeX. Anymore I use Emacs+LaTex to create PDF’s on my fedora workstation.

Thanks for the article

5. #### ddd

why deleting my post?
???

• #### Stephen Snow

I can’t seem to find a previous post from you. Would you mind commenting again?

6. #### Leslie Satenstein

Gee, It seems to make asciidoc a dog of a format program, when compared to Latex.

Why do we need both? is there a way to merge the two format languages?

• #### Earl Ramirez

I believe that asciidoc does support LaTeX backend, but I have never used it or asciidoc.