Drupal is a completely free and open source content management system. It’s also one of the most popular open source projects ever. Drupal reportedly runs about 2.5% of the world’s websites. Best of all, it’s available for easy installation on your Fedora system.
Install the packages
Fedora provides a set of pre-packaged software to make installation easy. Open a terminal, and at the command prompt, use sudo to install the following packages.
sudo dnf install @"Web Server" drupal8 php-opcache php-mysqlnd mariadb-server
This example assumes you’ll run the web and database servers on the same machine. This is often the case for students and developers alike.
Enable the web and database services to start at boot time, then start them immediately:
sudo systemctl enable httpd.service mariadb.service sudo systemctl start httpd.service mariadb.service
Set up the database server
If this is your first use of MariaDB, you should create a password for your root user. Store it somewhere secure and safe, in case you forget it. Don’t use the system’s own root (administrator) password.
sudo mysqladmin -u root password
Next, create a database. You can host more than one Drupal site on a machine. Therefore, you may want to choose a distinctive name for yours. For instance, this example uses myd8site. The -p switch prompts you for a password. You’ll need that, since you’ve added a password for root.
sudo mysqladmin create myd8site -u root -p
Next, set up a special privileged user and password for the database. The Drupal web app uses these credentials to run. Use the standard mysql client program for this step. The -D mysql option attaches to the built-in mysql database where privileges are stored.
Your input is shown in boldface in the example below. Make sure to use a strong password and not password itself.
$ sudo mysql -D mysql -u root -p Enter password: Reading table information for completion of table and column names You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 6 Server version: 10.1.18-MariaDB MariaDB Server Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [mysql]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON myd8site.* TO 'sqluser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec) MariaDB [mysql]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec) MariaDB [mysql]> QUIT; Bye
Set up the web server
Next, tune the SELinux parameters so the web server can perform necessary functions.
sudo setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect_db=1 sudo setsebool -P httpd_can_sendmail=1
If desired, change the file /etc/httpd/conf.d/drupal8.conf so other systems can visit the site. Change the Require local line, so it reads Require all granted instead. Check the file after you run this command to confirm the change:
sudo sed -i 's/Require local/Require all granted/' /etc/httpd/conf.d/drupal8.conf
Next, configure your firewall so it allows traffic on port 80 (HTTP):
sudo firewall-cmd --add-service=http --permanent sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Now, copy the default settings file to a site-specific file, settings.php. Then make it world-writable. (You’ll change this back in a few minutes.)
sudo cp /etc/drupal8/sites/default/default.settings.php /etc/drupal8/sites/default/settings.php sudo chmod 666 /etc/drupal8/sites/default/settings.php
Finally, restart the web server:
systemctl restart httpd
Visit the Drupal site
Next, you’re ready to configure the web app itself. Open a web browser on the system, or a connected system. Then browse to the IP address of your Drupal host, followed by /drupal8. For instance, your URL might be http://192.168.122.210/drupal8. If you’re on the same box, you can use http://localhost/drupal8. This step begins the setup process:
Follow the prompt to choose a language, then save and continue. Most people choose a Standard installation profile. That profile provides more features right away.
When you get to the database configuration screen, use the hostname localhost. (If you already have another database host, use its hostname instead.) Enter the privileged MariaDB user and password you created for Drupal 8.
When you save the database information, the site settings are configured for you. After the installation is done, change the settings.php file’s permissions back to normal:
sudo chmod 644 /etc/drupal8/sites/default/settings.php
Finish the process in the last screen by adding the site name and other site information.