By now you’ve likely heard the benefits of two factor authentication. Enabling multi-factor authentication can increase the security of accounts you use to access various social media websites like Twitter, Facebook, or even your Google Account. This post is going to be about a bit more.

The U.S. Armed Services spans millions of military and civilian employees. If you’re a member of these services, you’ve probably been issued a DoD CAC smartcard to access various websites. With the smartcard comes compatibility issues, specific instructions tailored to each operating system, and a host of headaches. It’s difficult to find reliable instructions to access military websites from Linux operating systems. This article shows you how to set up your Fedora system to login to DoD CAC enabled websites.

Installing and configuring OpenSC

First, install the opensc package:

sudo dnf install -y opensc

This package provides the necessary middleware to interface with the DoD Smartcard. It also includes tools to test and debug the functionality of your smartcard.

With that installed, next set it up under the Security Devices section of Firefox. Open the menu in Firefox, and navigate to Preferences -> Advanced.

In the Certificates tab, select Security Devices. From this page select the Load button on the right side of the page. Now set a module name (“OpenSC” will work fine) and use this screen to browse to the location of the shared library you need to use.

Browse to the /lib64/pkcs11/ directory, select, and click Open. If you’re currently a “dual status” employee, you may wish to select the shared library. If you have no idea what “dual status” means, carry on and simply select the former package.

Click OK to finish the process.

Now you can navigate to your chosen DoD CAC enabled site and login. You’ll be prompted to enter the PIN for your CAC, then select a certificate to use. If you’re logging into a normal DoD website, select the Authentication certificate. If you’re logging into a webmail service such as, select the Digital Signing certificate. NOTE: “Dual status” personnel should use the Authentication certificate.